Nutrition for Reproductive Health

The British Nutrition Foundation recently published a review of the nutritional status of women and found that many women still lack key nutrients in their diets. The authors wrote, “while improvements have occurred, intakes of key micronutrients, particularly iron, vitamin D, calcium and folate remain below recommended levels.

Women’s diets are also too high in saturated fat and salt, and low in fiber, oily fish and fruits and vegetables.”

These deficiencies not only impact the woman by increasing her susceptibility to chronic disease and other conditions, but also impact infant health and development. In the latest version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2014), health officials made specific nutritional recommendations for women capable of becoming pregnant or who are pregnant and breastfeeding.

Reproductive Health includes: 4

• Consume 400 mcg per day of folic -acid (from fortified foods and/or supplements) in addition to folate from a varied diet.
• Choose foods that supply heme iron, which is more readily absorbed by the body, additional iron sources, and enhancers of iron absorption such as vitamin C-rich foods.

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• Consume 8-12 ounces of seafood per week from a variety of seafood types
• If pregnant, take an iron supplement, as recommended by an obstetrician or other health care provider.
Mothers have a huge influence on the health outcomes of their children and families because they are both the providers and caretakers of the family. In fact, research is highlighting the impact of the mother’s diet in the health of their children. According to the results of a study published in the Journal of Nutrition, the developing fetus accumulates a specific level of calcium in the womb with the aid of vitamin D.

Thus if the mother is deficient in vitamin D, it may be difficult for children to achieve optimal bone health status even if they were to receive supplementation of vitamin D postnatally. Researchers suggest that “efforts to optimize maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy are needed along with maintenance in infancy rather than relying on postnatal supplementation to restore vitamin D status and bone mass.  Risk of iron deficiency is a big issue especially during pregnancy Maternal iron deficiency and anemia is a common issue world-wide.

Almost 40% of women around the world are estimated to suffer from iron deficiency or anemia, and this has drastic health implications for their babies. Thus studies suggest that women of childbearing age and especially adolescent girls would benefit from supplementation. In fact, last year a study conducted by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid was able to reduce infant mortality, as well as reduce the prevalence of low birth weight and maternal anemia. This was the first study of its kind to look at the long-term effects of maternal iron-folic acid supplementation and improving child survival.’?

Omega-3’s-critical for fetal development Omega-3s have long been acknowledged as a key nutrient in fetal vision and brain development. Because of

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the critical role it plays during pregnancy, health officials continue to stress the importance of adequate omega-3 consumption. A new .study published in the Journal Of Pediatrics

confirmed the findings of other studies that the amount of omega-3 fatty acid in mom’s diet during pregnancy affects the visual function of her children,” Another study investigating the importance of mom’s prenatal dietary fatty acid status showed that mothers with the highest omega-3 status had children who showed a lower probability of childhood obesity.”

GNLD’s Omega-III Salmon Oil Plus is a perfect choice for assuring a dietary abundance of omega-3 fatty acids. Tested and proven in human clinical trials, its highly bioactive, 8-member omega-3 fatty acids are easily absorbed and rapidly assimilated into cell membranes, displacing bad fats and reducing potentially damaging inflammatory factors. Formula IV® delivers a wide array of essential micronutrients important to women’s health, including iron, 35 mg magnesium, 400 IU of vitamin D and 400 mcg of folic acid. The combination of these two products is perfect for any woman in her reproductive years.

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Merenna Morrow

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